Showing posts from January, 2014

LBCC & Linn Libraries Consortium Host Free Film Presentation

A free screening of the documentary "Every War Has Two Losers" with filmmaker Haydn Reiss will be shown Monday, Feb. 10 at noon at the Linn-Benton Community College Forum, room F-104, 6500 Pacific Blvd. SW, Albany. Based on the journals of former Oregon Poet Laureate William Stafford, a conscientious objector during World War II, the film is presented in honor of the centennial year of his birth. Through Stafford's writings, the viewer is invited to reflect on their own ideas regarding war and how individual witness can contribute to a more peaceful world. This event is free and open to the public. Sponsored by the Linn Libraries Consortium, the LBCC Poetry Club and LBCC Peace Studies Program.
The Linn Libraries Consortium is comprised of the Libraries of Albany, Lebanon, and Linn-Benton Community College, with the addition of Sweet Home, Scio, and Harrisburg in Spring 2014.  Its aim is to more efficiently use library resources to promote the availability of print and onl…

Classes & Workshops Begin Feb. 8

Linn-Benton Community College has classes that begin the week of Feb. 8.

A free “Dollars and Sense” workshop will be held Saturday, Feb. 8 from 9 a.m. to 4:50 p.m. at the LBCC Lebanon Center, 44 Industrial Way. Learn how to master your budget and to create a habit of saving. Registration is required. Contact Willamette Neighborhood Housing Services at or call 541-752-7220 Ext. 300.

A free one-week session of “Going Into Business” for those thinking about starting a business will be held Tuesday, Feb. 11 from 1-3:20 p.m. at the LBCC Lebanon Center. Session will cover rules, regulations, financing, customers, market and feasibility. Call 541-917-4923 to register.

“Cake Decorating” class will be held at the LBCC Sweet Home Center, 1661 Long St. This two-day class meets Feb. 11 and 13 from 5:30 to 8:20 p.m.  Learn the basics of cake decorating while creating a Valentine themed cake. Cost is $39.

The workshop “Effortless Gardening” will be held at the Steelhead Fitness Cent…

LBCC Computer Application Classes

“Computers-Second Step” and “Digital Photo Books” classes will be held at the LBCC Lebanon and Sweet Home Centers in February.

“Computers-Second Step” helps you build on skills learned in Computers-First Step, including more features of Windows 7, Internet, email, how to copy information between programs, organize files, create folders and more.

This four-week class meets Tuesdays from 6 to 8:20 p.m. beginning Feb. 4 at the LBCC Lebanon Center, 44 Industrial Way. Class is also offered at the LBCC Sweet Home Center beginning Feb. 2 from 1 to 3:30 p.m., and beginning Feb. 13 from 6 to 8:20 p.m. Cost for each class is $39.

“Digital Photo Book” class helps you learn to turn your digital photos into a handcrafted photo book. Learn the basics of editing using Photoshop Elements to improve your digital photos.This five-week will meet Wednesdays from 6 to 7:50 p.m beginning Feb. 12 at the LBCC Lebanon Center. Cost is $39.

For more information or to register, visit the LBCC online schedule at ww…

LBCC Valley Writers Series Hosts Student Poets Laureate

Student Poets Laureate Ruth Krueger and Amy Earls will hold a poetry reading as part of the Valley Writers Series Wednesday, Feb. 12 at 7:30 p.m. at LBCC’s Benton Center, room BC-244, 757 NW Polk Ave., Corvallis.

Earls became the second LBCC Student Poet Laureate in 2009-2010.  A writer and part-time English and education graduate student at Western Oregon University, Earls also instructs an online vocabulary course at LBCC’s Benton Center and is currently writing her memoir.

Krueger’s love for words came to life when she started taking classes at LBCC in 2009.  She began writing poetry, enjoying the variety of expression that can go into a poem.

Krueger was an active member of the LBCC Poetry Club and, following in the footsteps of her daughter Amy, served as the fourth LBCC Student Poet Laureate in 2011-2012.  Krueger is pursuing a degree in elementary education and in liberal studies at Oregon State University.

The LBCC Valley Writers Series is free and open to the public and is…

LBCC iPad and Kindle Fire Class

The LBCC Sweet Home Center will hold an iPad and Kindle Fire class starting Feb. 5. 

Learn about core functions and settings, how to edit and share your favorite pictures and videos, and how to search, download and use practical and fun apps and tips for shopping.

This three-week class will meet Wednesdays from 6 to 7:50 p.m. beginning Feb. 5 at the LBCC Sweet Home Center, 1661 Long St. Cost is $39.

For more information or to register, visit the LBCC online schedule at or call the LBCC Sweet Home Center at 541-367-6901.

LBCC Free Phlebotomy Information Sessions

Several free Phlebotomy Program information sessions will be offered through Linn-Benton Community College for those interested in training to become a phlebotomist.

Sessions will be held Tuesday, Feb. 18, from 1 to 3 p.m., Wednesday, Feb. 26, from noon to 2 p.m., and Monday, March 10, from noon to 2 p.m.

All sessions will be held at the LBCC Albany campus, Calapooia Center, 6500 Pacific Blvd. SW. No pre-registration is required to attend. Attendance at one of the information sessions is mandatory to register for the program.

The 16-week Phlebotomy Program training starts July 28 and runs through Nov. 14, 2014 at the Lebanon Community Hospital Health Careers Training Center and the LBCC Lebanon Center.

Skill areas covered in the training include medical terminology, basic anatomy and physiology, customer service, medical law and ethics, and phlebotomy theory and technique. 

Cost for the program is $5,500. The program is eligible for financial aid. Check the LBCC web site for course pre…

LBCC Sweet Home Center GED/Adult Basic Education Classes

Need help preparing for your GED or improving your skills in reading, writing or math? GED/Adult Basic Education classes at Linn-Benton Community College can help.

Attend a free two-day orientation at the LBCC Sweet Home Center Monday, Feb. 3 and Wednesday, Feb. 5 to find out more. Morning orientation is 9-11:30 a.m., and evening orientation is 6-9 p.m. You must attend both days of the orientation.

For more information, call the LBCC Sweet Home Center at 541-367-6901.

LBCC Holds Play Auditions

Linn-Benton Community College will hold auditions Wednesday, Feb. 26 at 5:30 p.m. for the upcoming play “Little Shop of Horrors” at the college’s Russell Tripp Performance Center, 6500 Pacific Blvd. SW, Albany.

Auditionees should come prepared to read excerpts from the play, prepare 32 bars from a musical to sing a cappella, as well as sight-read music from the show.

For more information, call LBCC theater director Dan Stone at 541-917-4566, or email

Lebanon Center Holds ATT New Student Event

Get started in your college career by attending the Apply, Test and Tour event at Linn-Benton Community College’s Lebanon Center, 44 Industrial Way.

For new students, being admitted to the college is the first step. This event allows you to apply for admissions, take your placement test and tour the facilities all in one afternoon.

The next A.T.T. event in Lebanon is Thursday, Feb. 6 from 1 to 3 p.m. at the center. Preregister at, or call the LBCC Lebanon Center at 541-259-5801.  

Application fee is $30, due at the event. Photo ID required to apply.

LBCC also will hold a free College Night event Monday, Feb. 3 from 4:30 to 7:30 p.m. at the Albany campus, 6500 Pacific Blvd. SW.  Visit with faculty advisors and explore your college and career options. Learn how to finance your college career and how to earn college credits while still in high school.

SSH Gallery Features Corvallis Photographers

An exhibit of photographs created with mobile phone technology by Kat Sloma and Bill Laing of Corvallis will be shown Feb. 3-28 in the South Santiam Hall Gallery of Linn-Benton Community College, 6500 Pacific Blvd SW.

A reception and gallery talk will be held Thursday, Feb. 6, from 5:30 - 7 p.m.

"Myphoneography" features more than 20 prints by the two artists, who use their mobile phones to capture images encountered in their everyday lives and then apply various "apps" to achieve painterly results.

Sloma is presenting a selection from her "Treescapes" series, which she describes as poems painted on the sky:  "When viewed against the open sky, the tree becomes the landscape.  The open sky becomes an empty canvas to paint upon.  I create unreal scenes, but find them grounded to earthly reality through the recognizable skeleton of the trees." 

Laing, a 40-year veteran of photography who has fully embraced  iPhone image-making in the last two ye…

LBCC and Snap-on Expand Partnership

Linn-Benton Community College and Snap-on Incorporated have expanded a long-standing partnership that will deepen Snap-on Tools’ support of automotive technology students and expand regional transportation training opportunities at LBCC’s Advanced Transportation Technology Center.

Snap-on, a leading manufacturer and supplier of professional grade tools and diagnostic equipment, will provide its equipment and training support to the college and LBCC students through this expanded partnership agreement.

In addition, LBCC will serve as a regional train-the-trainer center, providing training for schools and employers throughout the country to certify trainers in the areas of auto transportation, aviation, energy and manufacturing.

LBCC also will become a Snap-on Certification Center for wheel service, mechanical and electronic torque, electric measurement multi-meter, diesel scan tool, and tool control and asset management.

“This partnership makes it possible for the college to equip its new …

LBCC Lebanon and Sweet Home Center Advising Services

Thinking about attending college or looking for employment? Linn-Benton Community College Lebanon and Sweet Home Centers offer free college and career advising.

Academic Counselors and Career and Employment Specialists at the college can help you identify your interests and strengths to help you choose a career path and achieve your goals, whether it’s a college degree or short-term training that leads to a job.

LBCC specialists offer career exploration workshops, financial aid workshops and help with job search, resume writing and interviewing. They also help you choose classes that will give you a successful college foundation.

LBCC Academic Counselors use assessment tools to help you choose a career path and develop a plan. If you are undecided, counselors can help you problem solve, address barriers to education and assist in finding resources.

To make an appointment with Janeen Phillips, LBCC Career and Employment Specialist, or Sandra Shinkle, LBCC Academic Counselor, call the LB…

LBCC 37th Annual Family Fun Day

The 37th annual Family Fun Day at Linn-Benton Community College will be held Saturday, Feb. 1 from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. in the LBCC Activities Center gym, Albany campus, 6500 Pacific Blvd. 

Children ages one to six will enjoy activities such as play dough, an obstacle course, crafts, bounce house, face painting, puppet show, putt putt golf and much more. There will also be a used toy and book sale. 

Everyone is invited to attend this inexpensive, fun-filled event. Activity tickets are .25 cents each.

All proceeds from this event go to support parenting programs and to provide tuition grants for some of the nearly 2,000 parents in Linn and Benton Counties who are involved in LBCC Parenting Education each year. 

For more information, contact LBCC Family Connections at 541-917-4899. For special needs and accommodations, contact the Office of Disability Services at Phone 541‑917‑4690 or via Oregon Relay TDD at 1‑800‑735‑2900 at least 72 hours in advance of the event.

LBCC Hosts College Transfer Day

College Transfer Day Information Fair will be held at Linn-Benton Community College on Wednesday, Feb. 5 from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. in Takena Hall, 6500 Pacific Blvd S.W., Albany.

This free event is for students interested in transferring to a four-year college.

Representatives from public and private four-year colleges will be on hand to answer questions, including: Pacific University, University of Oregon, National American University, Pacific Northwest College of Art, University of Phoenix, Marylhurst University, Western Oregon University, Portland State University, University of Portland, Southern Oregon University, Oregon State University-Cascades, Oregon State University, Northwest Christian University, Linfield College, The Art Institute of Portland, The international Culinary School, Corban University, The College of Idaho, Concordia University Portland, Oregon College of Oriental Medicine, Eastern Oregon University, University of Western States, Oregon Tech.

Information also will …

39th Annual Children’s Theater Production of “Androcles & The Lion”

The 39th annual LBCC Children’s Theater presents “Androcles and The Lion” at Linn-Benton Community College’s Russell Tripp Performance Center, 6500 Pacific Blvd. SW, Albany.

One of Aesop's most beloved fables, Androcles and The Lion is the heartwarming tale
freedom and friendship. Directed by Dan stone, the play is performed in the style of Commedia dell' Arte, or Italian comedy.

Three public performances will be held Friday, Feb. 7 at 7 p.m., and two Saturdays, Feb. 8 and 15, at 2 p.m. The Feb. 15 performance is an American Sign Language performance.

Tickets are $5 and can be purchased online for no fee at, or at the Russell Tripp Performance Center Box Office from 1 to 4 p.m. the week of the performance, and at the door one hour prior to performance.

For more information, contact the LBCC theater box office at 541-917-4531. For special needs and accommodations, contact the Office of Disability Services at 541‑917‑4690 or via Oregon R…

LBCC Offers Forklift Safety Training

Forklift Safety Training will be offered through Business and Employer Services at Linn-Benton Community College on Saturday, Feb. 22 from 8:15 a.m. to 5 p.m. at the LBCC Albany Campus, IC building room 103, 6500 Pacific Blvd. SW, Albany.

This eight-hour course will provide four hours of classroom training and four hours of practice on the forklift. Training includes forklift safety, handling and moving loads, principles of lifting, stacking and un-stacking loads and driving with a load.

Upon completion of eight hours of training and meeting the requirements, student will receive an award of completion to take to their current or future employer.

Cost for the course is $149 and includes all materials. For more information or to register, contact LBCC Business and Employer Services at 541-917-4923.

Linn-Benton Opera Guild Preview: Lucia di Lammermoor

The Linn-Benton Opera Guild will preview the opera Lucia di Lammermoor, by Gaetano Donizetti, on Tuesday, Jan. 28 at 7:45 p.m. at 303 Benton Hall, Oregon State University campus, Corvallis.

OSU music professor Angela Carlson will tell the story of the opera and play recorded excerpts from the score. Admission is free to Linn-Benton Opera Guild members, students of Linn-Benton Community College and OSU. Cost for the general public is $5.

Performance dates will be Jan. 31, Feb. 6 and 8, at 7:30 p.m. and Feb. 2 at 2 p.m. at the Keller Auditorium, 222 SW Clay, Portland. The opera will be sung in Italian with projected English translations.

Linn-Benton Community College and the Linn-Benton Opera Guild will host a bus ride to the closing performance on Saturday, Feb. 8 for those interested. Round-trip coach fare is $39 per person. Cost for opera tickets is not included, and seating reservations are required.

The bus will leave LBCC’s Benton Center parking lot–757 NW Polk Avenue, Corvallis–at …

LBCC Professional Development Workshops

Professional development workshops will be held on “Developing World Class Employees” through Linn-Benton Community College Business and Employer Services in February in the Calapooia Center, room CC-211, 6500 Pacific Blvd. SW, Albany.

“The Supervisor as Coach” will be held Feb. 4 from 8 a.m. to noon. Supervisors may need to also serve as performance coaches. This workshop covers fundamentals of supervisory performance coaching, when to use coaching, coaching styles and key approaches to coaching.

“Understanding and Resolving Workplace Conflict” will be held Feb. 20 from 8 a.m. to noon. Conflict in the workplace is inevitable. Learn how to manage conflict, reduce the potential cost of conflict, minimize negative consequences of unresolved differences, and improve productivity by handling conflict effectively.

Cost for each workshop is $79 per person, or $69 each for three or more from one company. For more information or to register, contact the LBCC Business and Employer Services at …

Small Business Health Care Reform Presentation

The LBCC Small Business Development Center will host a presentation by the Main Street Alliance of Oregon on health care reform for small businesses Wednesday, Jan. 29 from 1 to 3 p.m. in the Calapooia Center, room 213, 6500 Pacific Blvd. SW, Albany.

This free presentation will cover changes to the health care system and benefits to individuals, families and small businesses as a result of the Affordable Care Act. Enrollment information will be covered.

For more information, contact the LBCC Small Business Development Center at 541-917-4929.

LBCC Pesticides Applicator Class

Pesticide applicator classes will be held through the Small Business Development Center at Linn-Benton Community College starting Jan. 23.

Designed to prepare senior agriculture workers to take the State of Oregon Department of Agriculture pesticide applicator exam, classes provide in-depth training, including extra coaching in math and calibration skills.

Pesticides Laws and Safety, Public and Commercial applications, will be held Jan. 23 and 24 from 8 a.m. to noon at LBCC’s Calapooia Center, room CC-210, 6500 Pacific Blvd SW. Cost is $99.

Pesticide Private Applicator will be held Feb. 6 from 8 a.m. to 2:30 p.m., and Feb. 7 from 8 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. at LBCC’s Calapooia Center, room CC- 213. Cost is $99.

LBCC offers ODA exams at an additional cost of $58 each. For test dates, see the METRO web site at or call 1-877-533-2900. The ODA pesticide applicators exam is optional and should be arranged with Metro.

For more information or to register, contact LBCC’s S…

LBCC Announces New Community Education Director

Chris Nystrom has joined Linn-Benton Community College as director of Community Education for Linn and Benton counties.

Nystrom’s professional experience includes leadership roles at the Lane Community College’s Small Business Development Center, the Eugene Area Chamber of Commerce, and in the private business sector in technology and professional services. She also has served as a speaker for multiple international organizations

Nystrom has a bachelor’s degree in business finance from California State University, Chico, and an accreditation from the United States Chamber of Commerce Institute for Organizational Management.

With a passion for education, Nystrom is dedicated to offering current, relevant classes that enable people to expand their interests and accomplish personal goals. She has created community and business development programs that have received awards statewide, nationally and internationally.

LBCC OSU Degree Partnership Information Sessions

Information sessions for the LBCC and OSU Degree Partnership Program will be held through Linn-Benton Community College Jan. 16, 23 and 29.

Thursday, Jan. 16 session will be from 5:30 to 7 p.m. in the Fireside Room, 2nd Floor Calapooia Center building, Albany campus. Session two is Thursday, Jan. 23 from noon to 1 p.m. in the Vineyard Mt. Room, 2nd Floor Calapooia Center, Albany campus, and session three is Wednesday, Jan. 29 from 3:30 to 6:30 p.m. in the LBCC Benton Center student lounge, 757 Polk Ave., Corvallis.

All sessions are free and open to the public. For more information, contact LBCC Admissions at 541-917-4811.

NSH Gallery Features Four Oregon Artist in Invitational Exhibit

Four Oregon artists are exhibiting paintings and sculptures in the fourth annual LBCC Invitational through Feb. 28 in the North Santiam Hall Galleries at Linn-Benton Community College, 6500 Pacific Blvd. SW, Albany.

Portland painter William Park and Salem multi-media artist Kristin Kuhns share the galleries with Corvallis artists Cynthia Spencer and Suzanne Campbell (who uses the psuedonym S Tellez).

A public reception and gallery talk with the artists will be held on Thursday, Jan. 30, from noon to 1 p.m. in the NSH second floor atrium.

•William Park has exhibited his striking oil paintings at various venues around the Northwest since the early 1990s, including several solo exhibits at Portland's Augen and Mark Woolley galleries, and was featured on Oregon Public Broadcasting's "Oregon Art Beat" in 2010. For the LBCC Invitational, Park is showing a selection of large contemporary portraits from his "Fridays with Fred" series. Park describes the series as an …

College Night Set for Feb. 3

Thinking about attending college or looking to improve your job skills? Plan to attend College Night at Linn-Benton Community College Monday, Feb. 3 from 4:30 to 7:30 p.m. at the Albany campus, 6500 Pacific Blvd. SW.

Preregister online at for this informative event.

Visit with faculty advisors about LBCC programs and explore your career options. Learn how to finance your college career and how you can earn college credits while still in high school.

“A Look Beyond the Books” will showcase clubs, co-curricular programs, theater, music, short-term training programs and more from 4:30 to 5:30 p.m. in the Forum building, room F-104. Campus tours will be offered from 5 to 6 p.m.

Information on LBCC’s degree partnership programs with Oregon State University and Oregon Institute of Technology will be available. Learn about special admissions programs and meet current LBCC students.

College Night is free and open to the public. Register online or call the LBC…

LBCC Calapooia Gallery Features Student Artist Audra Mote

Graphic arts major Audra Mote is the featured student artist in the Calapooia Center Gallery at Linn-Benton Community College, 6500 Pacific Blvd. SW., this month.

Mote is showing a selection of her paintings, drawings and calligraphy through Jan. 31.

A resident of Corvallis who grew up in Quebec and Vermont, Mote is in her second year of the LBCC graphic arts program. She has an undergraduate degree in languages and took post-graduate studies in calligraphy, drawing and painting before enrolling at LBCC in 2012.

Her collection of calligraphy and art on display in the Calapooia Center Gallery contains pieces that take their inspiration from things that have special meaning for her, including family ties, poignant words and beautiful views. The charcoal drawing titled "Girl on Steps" is especially meaningful, she said, because it is a study from a photograph of a girl who was the victim of the child sex trade in Cambodia. That work won a Juror's Choice Award in last spring&…

LBCC Offers Variety of Computer Classes

Improve your computer skills in classes offered through LBCC Albany Community Education starting Jan. 6.

Classes include Excel Intro to Spreadsheets, Mac Essentials, Apple iPad, Photoshop Elements I or II, Buying and Selling Online, Smartphone School, and Understanding Social Media.
For more information or to register, visit the online schedule at or contact LBCC Albany Community Education at 541-917-4844.

LBCC Travel at the Tripp Film Series “Blazing Paddles”

Filmmaker Gary Warriner will present the film “Blazing Paddles" Sunday, Jan. 12 at 2 p.m. in the Linn-Benton Community College Russell Tripp Performance Center.

LBCC Travel at the Tripp film series will host the filmmaker and experts from AAA Travel after the show for a question and answer session.

Blazing Paddles packs thrills, spills and tons of fun into one soggy film, as you discover the half-forgotten history and scenic grandeur of rivers across America, Canada and exotic locations around the globe.

Warriner is an independent producer of documentaries and travelogues, and has won national and international awards for film excellence. He has produced programs for the Smithsonian Institution and was the first photography director for the PBS series Travels with Rick Steves. For over twenty years, Warriner has led Camera One, a Seattle-based production company that specializes in educational and adventure travel films.

SafeHaven Humane Society will sell coffee, tea and homemade …

SSH Gallery Features Corvallis Photographer Dave McIntire

An exhibit of photographs of Mount Rainier by Corvallis photographer Dave McIntire will be on display Jan. 9-31 in the South Santiam Hall Gallery at Linn-Benton Community College, 6500 Pacific Blvd SW, Albany.

A reception for the artist will be held Thursday, Jan. 9, from 5:30 to 7 p.m. The public is invited.

The exhibit features more than 20 of McIntire's large color and black-and-white images, many of which are being shown publicly for the first time. Several reveal the massive, 14,411-foot volcanic peak surrounded by dramatic, swirling clouds and cloaked in snow and ice. Others explore the glaciers slowly snaking down the mountain's slopes, and the many waterfalls, wildflower meadows and tumbling steams in the surrounding wilderness. One particularly impressive image presents a 6-foot long panorama of the mountain flanked by several neighboring peaks.

A retired botany professor at Oregon State University, the 81-year-old McIntire has devoted more than 20 years to photographin…

Oregon Construction Contractors Board Education

Oregon Construction Contractors Board Education (CCB) will be offered through the Small Business Development Center at Linn-Benton Community College. This five-session course will meet on Tuesdays starting Jan. 14 from 6 p.m. to 10 p.m. on the LBCC Albany campus, Calapooia Center, room CC-211. The course is required for CCB licensing as part of the education requirement before taking the State of Oregon CCB exam. Participants are required to attend all five of the state-approved sessions to satisfy the educational requirement for Oregon contractor licensing. Topics include employer requirements and employee rights, Oregon lien and contract law, taxes/recordkeeping, best business practices, project and time management, estimating and scheduling, building codes, OR-OSHA requirements, job site safety, environmental laws, and test taking strategies in compliance with ORS 701-280. Advance registration is required by Jan. 10. Cost is $290 and includes a copy of the 10th Edition of the Or…

LBCC Small Business Management Program

The next session of the Small Business Management Program at Linn-Benton Community College will begin this month.
For small business owners, this nine-month program provides real-world tools, knowledge and expertise to manage your business.
The SBM program meets monthly and includes one-on-one sessions with a confidential business advisor. Network with other business owners and learn from your peers.
For more information or to register, contact the LBCC Small Business Development Center at 541-917-4929.

LBCC Offers Driver Education Classes

Several Driver Education classes are being offered winter term through Linn-Benton Community College Albany Community Education.
The course includes Oregon state mandated 30 hours of classroom instruction, a three-hour parent/student orientation at first meeting plus 12 hours behind-the wheel practice and driver observation.
Registration requirements include completed packet, fee, original driver permit and one photocopy. Registration packets are available at all centers one week prior to registration or online at
First class session starts Jan. 6. Cost for the course is $259 for ages 17 and under, $429 for ages 18 and over. Class must be dropped 24 hours prior to start date for refund.
For more information, contact LBCC Albany Community Education at 541-917-4840. Visit the online schedule at and click on WebRunner schedule of classes for specific class dates and times.